Letter from Engels to Marx, Manchester, 24th October 1869

[Marx and Engels: On Colonies, Industrial Monopoly and Working Class Movement, Futura, 1972, 57 p., p. 32]


... Irish history shows one how disastrous it is for a nation when it has subjected another nation. All the abominations of the English have their origin in the Irish Pale [7].

I have still to work through the Cromwellian period, but this much seems certain to me, that things would have taken another turn in England but for the necessity for military rule in Ireland and the creation of a new aristocracy there. ...


[7] The eastern part of Ireland which was conquered by the British during the 12th century, and which formed a bridgehead for the conquest of the whole of Ireland during the 15th century.

MESC p. 222.
MEOC p. 329.
MEOB p. 546.

The complete text can be found online in Marxist Internet Archive, MIA: