- A short introduction for non danish readers
- Turning Money into Rebellion
- Communist Working Circle, CWC
- What is CWC?
- There Will Come a Day... Imperialism and the Working Class. By Gotfred Appel
- Class Struggle and Revolutionary Situation. By Gotfred Appel
- The Devious Roads of the Revolution. By Gotfred Appel
- Karl Marx and Frederich Engels: On Colonies, Industrial Monopoly and Working Class Movement.
- Karl Marx: The Poverty of Philosophy
- Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Manifesto of the Communist Party
- Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Address of the Central Committee to the Communist League
- Karl Marx: Revolution in China and in Europe
- Karl Marx: The British Rule in India
- Karl Marx: The Future Results of the British Rule in India
- Letter from Engels to Marx, Manchester, 23rd May 1856
- Karl Marx: English Ferocity in China
- Frederich Engels: Persia and China
- Letter from Engels to Marx, Manchester, 7th October 1858.
- Letter from Marx to Engels, London, 17th November 1862.
- Karl Marx: Capital
- Letter from Marx to Engels, London, 30th November 1867.
- Letter from Marx to Kugelmann, London, 6th April 1868
- Letter from Engels to Marx, Manchester, 18th November 1868
- Letter from Engels to Marx, Manchester, 24th October 1869
- Letter from Marx to Kugelmann, London, 29th November 1869
- Letter from Marx to Engels, London, 10th December 1869
- Letter from Marx to Meyer and Vogt, London, 9th April 1870
- Frederick Engels: The English Elections
- Letter from Marx to Liebknecht, London, 11th February 1878
- Letter from Engels to Bernstein, London, 17th June 1879
- Letter from Marx to Danielson, London, 19th February 1881
- Letter from Engels to Kautsky, London, 12th September 1882
- Letter from Engels to Bebel, Eastbourne, 30th August 1883
- Frederick Engels: England in 1845 and in 1885
- Letter from Engels to Bebel, London, 28th October 1885
- Letter from Engels to Sorge, London, 7th December 1889
- Letter from Engels to Sorge, London, 19th April 1890
- Letter from Engels to Kautsky, Ryde, 4th September 1892
- Letter from Engels to Sorge, London, 18th January 1893
- Letter from Engels to Plekhanov, London, 21st May 1894
- Vladimir Iljitj Lenin: On Imperialism and Opportunism
- Review: J. A. Hobson : The Evolution of Modern Capitalism
- The International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart
- In America
- In Britain (The Sad Results of Opportunism)
- Karl Marx
- The Collapse of the Second International
- The Question of Peace
- Notebooks on Imperialism
- Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism
- A Caricature of Marxism and Imperialist Economism
- Imperialism and the Split in Socialism
- Ten "Socialist" Ministers
- Revision of the Party Programme
- Fourth Conference of Trade Unions and Factory Committees of Moscow
- Session of the Petrograd Soviet
- The Third International and its Place in History
- The Tasks of the Third International
- Draft (or Theses) of the R.C.P.'s Reply to the Letter of the Independent Social-Democratic Party of Germany
- "Left-Wing" Communism – An Infantile Disorder
- The Second Congress of the Communist International
- Better Fewer, But Better
- Letter to Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
- Letter to Embassy of the People's Republic of China, Copenhagen
- Communist ORIENTATION
- Communist Youth League, CYL
- Manifest - Communist Working Group, CWG
- Why we support LIBERATION?
- Unequal Exchange and the Prospects of Socialism. By Communist Working Group
- Preface by Arghiri Emmanuel
- Chapter I : Introduction
- Chapter II : The Historical Background of Unequal Exchange
- Chapter III : The Theory of Unequal Exchange
- Chapter IV : The Validity of the Prerequisites of Unequal Exchange
- Chapter V : The Possibilities of Socialism in a Divided World
- Chapter VI : What can Communists in the Imperialist Countries do?
- A. References
- B. Works By Arghiri Emmanuel
A short introduction for non danish readers
You are welcome to contact the editor for comments at email@example.com
This site is dedicated to present a danish marxist tendency on the left, that existed from the beginning of the sixties to the end of the eighties. They became known for their bank robberies for the PFLP in the seventies and the eighties. But their importance was in another field.
They questioned what the left wing did, trying to understand the situation openminded, and developed a new understanding of the world.
Communist Working Circle was started in 1963 by Gotfred Appel and other former members of the Danish Communist Party. They supported the Chinese Communist Party in the "Great debate" between USSR and China and criticized the revisionism in the Communist Party and in USSR.
Later on they asked the question: Why is the working class in the western world not interested in revolution?
The revolutionary left wing never understood that the material living conditions had improved especially since the Second World War. They thought that when you supported the workers in their struggle for economic gains, the worker would see, that revolution was in their interest. But the working class is now (in the sixties and today) in a position where they have more than "their chains to loose" as Marx and Engels wrote about in "the Manifest". Why should they jeopardize the gains they have already had, to get something quite insecure? The globalization has created at situation where most of the products of the welfare societies in the north are produced to a low cost in the third world, where the workers are payed a subsistence pay, and are often deprived any rights.
They developed a new theory, based on the study of the world they lived in, called "theory of the parasite state". It became a guidance in their practice: To support the revolutionary classes which has an interest in overthrowing imperialism where ever they are.
In the theory they said that the working class in the rich part of the world had become a part of the bourgeoisie as a workers aristocracy, gaining on the exploit of the exploited peoples of the third world.
The theory was developed following the workers struggle in one of the biggest working places in Copenhagen—Burmeister & Wain shipyard, and formed in discussions with other left wing organizations.
In 1968 the Communist Youth League was formed in 1968 and later merged with CWC.
In 1969 it came to a dispute with the Chinese Communist Party over the CCP view of the situation in Western Europe, and CCP broke the relations to CWC.
During the World bank meeting in Copenhagen in 1970, where there were some very violent demonstrations involving among other members of CYL. After that, the CWC and CYL changed their praxis. They devoted all their work make material support for the liberation movements in the third world, and study the development op the world.
Inspired by the American/Canadian solidarity group Liberation Support Movement, LSM, they started a new organization called Clothes to Africa. They collected used clothes, that were send to liberation movements in the southern Africa, and later they arranged flee markets to raise money.
In the late sixties the Palestine question became more important. CWC made contact to the new marxist organization the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine PFLP, and some time in the seventies they started to support them with money from robberies.
In 1978 it came to at split in CWC, and some of the members started a new organization Manifest—Communist Working Group (CWG) that continued to study the world and do solidarity work in Clothes to Africa, as well as they continued the criminal praxis in support op PFLP.
CWG made contact to Arghiri Emmanuel, a Greek professor working in Paris. He was the writer of the book "Unequal Exchange", which understanding of the world resembles the theory of the parasite state.
Other from CWC continued in other smal groups working with practical solidarity for the Third World on the same political foundation as CWG.
In November 1988 the group made a robbery in the center of Copenhagen in the post office of Købmagergade. When they were on the run, it came to a shoot-out started by the police, ending in an unfortunate shooting of a policeman. The police used all their strength in solving the crime, and in may the following year they, arrested some members of the group and the environment around them. The police eventualy found a hide-out, where the group had weapons and other materials hidden. After the address the group was then named the "Blekingestreet Gang" in the medias.
In this section there wil be published some pamflets and books, that earlier was published in English by the organisations. Plus two letters, written by the leader of Communist Working Circle, Gotfred Appel to the Chinese Embassy in Copenhagen and to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1968-69, with critique of the Chinese medias views on Western Europe. The letters have not been published before.
Poul Mikael Allarp
Editor of snylterstaten.dk
(the parasite state)
August 20. 2013